As part of its research, CUPS (Centre for Urban Policy Studies) has developed an innovative functional typology of deprived neighbourhoods. This website outlines the methods used to derive the typology and discusses some of the results that emerge across the 20% most deprived small areas in England. The Map section enables users to identify individual neighbourhoods.
Brian Robson, working with two CUPS researchers - Kitty Lymperopoulou and Alasdair Rae, developed a functional typology of deprived areas to capture the dynamic nature of neighbourhoods, as part of an evaluation of the government's strategy for neighbourhood renewal. Neighbourhoods are regarded, not as static fixed entities, but as dynamic spatial containers through which households move as they may – or may not – improve their socio-economic position in the housing and labour markets. Four types of deprived neighbourhood were identified based on the level of deprivation of areas to which most out-migrants moved and the areas from which most in-migrants came. They are:
The most compelling evidence of the robustness of the typology is the spatial pattern of the four neighbourhood types (shown in the Map section). The typology was used by Government in its latest Framework for Regeneration to suggest ways in which regeneration agencies might target areas and develop appropriate intervention strategies (see reference in the Publications page).